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Halloween

The holy evening, otherwise known as Hallowe’en or Halloween, has been long

celebrated by the world as a glorious grande festivity. It marks the day on which we could all dress up in scary stupid-looking outfits, and make a fool out of ourselves. Or just a day whereof we receive free candy by knocking onto the doors of strangers, trying to appease to them by pulling off our most endearing and delightful faces. It is also a day some dread, as its spookiness tends to foster

feelings that are repugnant to some. In truth, All Hallows’ eve is a day unlike any other, with a vast variety of activities of which one could perform. You could choose from trick-or-treating, attending a Halloween costume party, carving

pumpkins into jack-o-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, divination games

(maybe not), playing pranks, visiting haunted attractions (definitely not), telling scary stories and watching HORROR FILMS.

But all that we know, well maybe except for that first part about it being holy. Anyway, let us get into its history.

Halloween is an annual holiday celebrated each year on October 31. It originated with the Celtic festival of Samhain, where people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off ghosts. In the eighth century, Pope Gregory III designated

November 1 (previously being the Celts new year) as a time to honor all saints.

A day which later on incorporated some of the traditions of Samhain.

Appropriately, the evening before came to be known as All Hallows Eve, and later as Halloween. Evolving over time to the way we know it today. In ancient times, this day would mark the end of summer and the harvest

introducing the dark, cold winter. A time of year that was often associated with death. Back then, there was a common belief that had dictated the boundaries between the living and the dead to become blurred. A belief that had stretched as far as to have

people think ghosts of the dead would return to the earth. To commemorate this the event, Celtic priests (Druids) would build a huge sacred bonfire, where people would gather around to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic gods.

They would wear costumes, typically animal heads, and skins. They would proceed by extinguishing the fire and then have it re-lit upon the closing of the celebration. The bonfire is supposed to protect them from the coming winter.

A few alterations occurred at the hands of the Romans after conquering the majority of the Celtic territory. As they had combined celebrations with the

Samhain. One Roman celebration was that of Feralia. A day in late October

when the Romans would traditionally commemorate the passing of the dead. The second was the honoring of Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruit and trees.

Pomona’s symbol is the apple, which is probably the provenance of the ‘bobbing’

activity.

By the 1920s and 1930s, Halloween had become secular, inaugurating the notion of Halloween parties. However, vandalism would come to plague many communities during the celebrations of that time. Authorities eventually managed

to quell the aforementioned felony during the 1950’s.

So you see that the origin of Halloween is as different as it is similar to today’s Halloween. A day that has been bred from peculiarity, emerging into a revelry.

Fun Fact: One-quarter of all the candy sold annually in the U.S. is purchased for

Halloween!

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